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Types of Photography

A photograph is not just a representation of what one sees in reality. It often represents something that is not seen by an ordinary observer. A photograph is definitely worth a thousand words, and it has the power to convey a whole new meaning of a particular situation. While photography may be a hobby to some, this art form is a complete profession to many, as it offers various avenues to aspiring photographers.

The world’s most spectacular photographs need not require the most expensive equipment. A stunning photograph would require the expertise of a skillful eye that is trained to capture moments in the best way possible. Although color photography gained popularity with time, photographers are aware about the full potential of black and white pictures as well. So, whether it’s the passion for fashion or nature, photographers all over the world are having a delightful time clicking away! People with an inclination towards photography can check out some of the types of photography that also make fantastic career options.

Fashion Photography
This genre is one of the most lucrative kinds. Photographs are one of the most effective ways of communication in the world of fashion. Here, photography is used to bring attention to the clothes and the accessories. Models are exclusively selected to showcase products in the best way possible.

Fashion photographers today, create the particular look either in natural environment or one that is created in the studio. Often, these fashionable photographs find their way in leading fashion magazines. These magazines cater to the niche crowd that loves to know the best in clothing and other fashion accessories.

Glamor photography is also about fashionable visuals, however, with a difference. Glamor photography highlights the model in a different light rather than laying emphasis on the clothing or accessories. Often, nude images are also a part of glamor photography. These can be found on the covers of magazines like ‘Playboy’.

Advertising Photography
Advertising photography is all about creating the right environment to highlight the product to be advertised, in the best way possible. The photographers generally come up with ideas or visuals. At times, design houses also brief photographers about the concept required, in order to obtain specific results. These photographs are always planned in coordination with the advertising firm.

Still Life Photography
Still life photography is all about capturing objects on camera that are deliberately grouped together to create a particular composition. This form of art requires the photographer to have an excellent sense of composition and lighting. A photographer in this case, can create different textures and use objects that add interest to an otherwise normal composition.

Wedding photography is a specialized field of this art form, which is dedicated to snapping the most memorable moments in various creative ways. A photographer can take his/her own approach towards this subject. While some prefer the traditional ‘posed’ ways, there are others who base their photographs purely on the actual moment.

Photographers can also make these pictures fashionable with particular themes if agreeable with the client. There are many cases where such glamorous wedding photographs are captured specially in the studio. Today, many people are willing to explore new ideas, which opens up many new, creative avenues for experts in wedding photography.

Fine Art Photography
Fine art photography is all about visuals that resemble a work of art. These are highly creative images that have an abstract appeal. Therefore, these photographs can be equivalent to an artist’s expression on canvas. This genre of photography is not restricted for commercial purposes, but could be used for creative pursuits as well. A fine art photographer should have the ability to look beyond the obvious settings.

Nature Photography
Nature photographers are very much sought after by media houses. Works of these creative geniuses can be seen in magazines like ‘National Geographic’. Nature photography encompasses various other types of photography, such as:

These photographs mainly highlight the natural beauty of any place. It includes areas of wilderness, deserts, mountains, or even waterfalls.

Photographers that specialize in wildlife photography spend many hours in the wilderness to capture some of the most amazing shots of animals against a natural backdrop. A photographer in this case, would need to be an ardent animal lover and know his way around in the wild.

Underwater photography is an interesting art form that explores a whole new world beneath the deep blue seas. It’s an extremely challenging task because a photographer should know all about swimming and scuba diving to capture the best images while clicking pictures in the blue waters!

This style of photography is completely dedicated to capturing various images of cloud formations. Black and white photography in particular can be creatively used for this branch of photography.

Seascape Photography
Capturing nature in her many moods would be interesting for all lovers of the environment. A photographer who is dedicated to seascape photography should always lie in wait for the beauty of the sea to unfold. Here, the concentration is mainly on capturing various moods of the ocean, at different times of the day, or even in different seasons!

Travel Photography
Travel photography involves capturing images of a particular landscape or even people from different countries. A photographer captures various traditions and customs of different places.

Architectural Photography
Architectural photography, as the name suggests, is all about capturing images of different styles of architecture in different lights. This type of photography would require the photographer to be an expert in the technical as well as the visual department.

Portrait Photography
Portrait photography is all about capturing the mood of a person, with an emphasis on the face and expression of a person. This style of photography need not only be about professional models, it can encompass any kind of a person. Family portrait photographs are quite popular today. There are many creative ways a photographer can use to make a portrait photograph look stunning!

Photojournalism
Photojournalism is all about telling a story about a particular event or incident through a single photograph. This genre of photography is used mainly by publications to represent the latest news. In this case, the photographer’s visuals and the writer’s story should complement each other. For example, if a writer is making a specific mention of a particular location in the story, the photographer can find innovative ways to capture the same on camera. Photojournalism can be further classified into:

Documentary Photography
Here, the photographer has to present an image that best represents the incident being spoken of, in true form. In this case, press photographers usually submit their images to the concerned publication. However, recently, press photographers from all over the world have started displaying their works at exhibitions as well.

Street Photography
This is all about capturing candid images of public places or even people in their natural element. A photographer, in this case, requires the skill to mingle with people and capture the best frames, without being conscious of people around. Henri Cartier-Bresson used the technique of wrapping the camera inside his handkerchief. Of course, one also has to consider the legal issues, as there are many places where this type of photography is prohibited for security reasons.

Celebrity Photography
Celebrity photography is all about capturing celebrities from various fields. Various media houses use such photographs – from publications (magazines, newspapers) to the online media. In this case, there are various ways of approaching the subject. In the first instance, celebrities are shot with meticulous planning in a studio or at an outdoor location, where the styling is well planned for; this includes the clothes, make up, and the accessories. Apart from this, photographers who specialize in celebrity photography also need to capture them at various functions or press conferences. Whereas, there is a third type of celebrity photography known as the paparazzi. This is about capturing celebrities on camera without their consent. These photographs are exclusive and often fetch a premium price for all photographers.

Sports Photography
This genre of photography is dedicated completely to capturing the best images in action, for any kind of sport. A photographer, in this case, should have the knack to capture stunning images on camera with great speed. There are many photographers who have dedicated themselves completely to this segment. These photographs are mainly used by publishing houses and other branches of media.

Nude Photography
Nude photography is about the depiction of the human body in the nude form. These photographs are not meant for eroticism but purely for the study of the human body. Here, the face is not always the focal point, and the compositions are stylized with experimentation in terms of light and backdrops.

War photography is about capturing photographs that depict the situations at war in terms of the people or the particular instance. Here, the photographers are always at risk and often the target of the warring groups.

Candid Photography
Henri Cartier-Bresson is one of the first names that crops up in one’s mind when it comes to candid photography. This can be said to be one of the purest forms of photography, which does not include any staged situations. Candid photography is all about being spontaneous!

Fire Photography
This form of photography would require the photographer to be equipped with protective clothing. The photographer, in this case, clicks photographs of firefighting operations. This type of photography is useful for investigations.

Forensic Photography
Also known as crime scene photography, here, the job of the photographer is mainly to capture images for an accurate representation of the scene of crime. In these cases, a photographer will have to cover all the possible angles of the particular scene for investigation purposes. These images could be about any scene of crime or even accidents.

Secret Photography
Here, it is the primary aim of the photographer to capture images of people without their knowledge. Professional photographers mainly use this type of photography for investigative purposes, and unethical publication of the same can result in various legal issues. Here, the photographer can also conceal himself/herself from the concerned party, including the camera being used.

Macro Photography
This style of photography is completely about close-up images of a specific subject. This style is used particularly to capture details of organisms or nature that may not be visible to the naked eye.

A photographer who is into aerial photography needs to be an expert at capturing images from a high elevation. There are various techniques used to obtain these images; a photographer can click these images from a helicopter or an aircraft, and more recently, kites are also being used, wherein the camera is attached to the kite to click photographs when the kite is in the air.

Headshot Photography
This type of photography focuses mainly on the person’s face (mug shots), but is different from portrait photography. The images, in this case, are plainer in nature as the client would need to use these images purely for work purposes.

Food photography is mainly in demand due to the rising needs from the advertising industry and publishing houses. It is the photographer’s skill that is required to make the food item look very interesting and appealing to the viewer.

Astrophotography
Astrophotography focuses completely on capturing images from space. This could range from the planets to the stars or any other interesting formations. It is very difficult to capture a clear image of any incident in the starry skies owing to many technical problems a photographer may face. However, with the advent of new technology in this field, many innovative options are being added to make this type of photography easier for avid photographers dedicated to this field.

In this case, the photographer should definitely have a knack to handle children to capture their best moods and moments! These types of photographs are used for advertising purposes or even for personal reasons.

Black and White Photography
With the advent of color photography, black and white photography would have been passé. However, this is a medium that offers vast options for photographers. The timeless appeal of black and white photography can be used for any topic. Photographers, in this case, would need to use lighting and textures, apart from composition, and the latest techniques to be rewarded with beautiful visuals.

Digital Photography
Digital photography is all about photographers opting for the digital cameras over the traditional ways, to click images that are faster to transmit. However, there are many photographers who still prefer to use film to digital cameras for better clarity and representation of light and dark.

Night Photography
Photographers in this case completely specialize in night scenes. Due to the problem of minimum light, new techniques are being incorporated. A photographer can use artificial light or even a long exposure to capture clear and precise images.

These various types of photography clearly give an indication of the blossoming of this art form. Technology has made it possible to go beyond the obvious frames. Today, photography is all about the combination of the expertise of the photographer as well as techniques. But in the true sense, an excellent photographer would only need creativity and strong powers of observation to be able to capture visuals that are truly beyond the ordinary.

Point and Shoot Photography

This style of photography isn’t what it sounds like; well not all of it. You can’t just point at any image and start shooting them. Of course, there are times when people don’t really care about the angles, lights, different modes on the camera, or any particular features on the camera. However, I would ask you think again about that. A photograph stays with us for decades, sometimes through many generations. They can speak louder, better, and more clearly than any words spoken. Then why would you subject yourselves to plain and boring images? If you want to be a good photographer and wish to capture all the events in your life properly, even if it is with a point and shoot camera, go through this beginners photography guide for helpful tips and techniques to get the right picture.

As a good photographer, you should always keep in mind that the number of pictures don’t really matter. The quality, theme of the picture, and your creativity is what counts. In the following article, we have laid down some basic, yet essential photography tips and techniques.

Manual Mode

Try to use the manual mode as much as possible. The ‘Auto’ mode may not give you the desired effect to the picture you want to click. ‘Manual’ mode incorporates many options like controlling aperture, shutter speed, controlling ISO, etc., depending on the camera. Take a lot of pictures of the same objects with different modes and you will get the best output; the outcome of the picture you desire. These features used to be in the SLR cameras for beginners, however, with new and better digital photography; you can give the picture any effect that you want.

Flash Away

There are times when turning the flash on can ruin the picture. Yes, that does happen. To avoid that, go to options or the multi-controller button and turn it off. When there’s enough ambient light, turn off the flash and click to get the best of the natural lighting. In case you are indoors and the natural lights do not suffice, you can always turn the flash on and click. These lighting tips will make a world of difference to your images.

Different Angles

Don’t just start clicking all objects in the usual way. Play with different angles, try lying down on the floor (sometimes in weird positions), or climb somewhere on a wall or chair to take the picture from above. Besides these angles, you can also try your hand at underwater photography. Get the best waterproof camera to capture the magnificent images underwater. Experimenting with various angles might just surprise you and get the best photographs you’ve clicked in quite some time.

Nighttime

Now, let’s discuss some night photography techniques. When clicking at night, use a tripod. At nights the camera needs to get more light in to get that perfect picture and to get that much light, the camera needs to be stable for a longer time. So, if your hand shakes while clicking at nights, the picture might just come blurry. Similarly for landscapes, use a tripod to keep your camera steady and yes, remember the shutter speed.

Sunset and Clouds

Whether you are an amateur or a professional photographer, the question about “how to take good pictures” is always on everybody’s mind. A perfect picture is not always possible when the object is centered in the frame and the background is faded. Use your imagination; if you are at a beach, see if you can focus on your object but can also capture the water or the beach or the beautiful sun setting behind the waters. That might uplift your picture.

Capturing Colors

Spot colors in the field and capture them. Catch bright colors; click a picture in black and white, play with the exposure. The more experiments you do with a particular scene, the better your results will be. See how you can make dull colors more interesting and enjoyable. These tips will only be helpful to you if you practiced and taught yourself. If you make any errors in clicking some pictures, it’s alright. You will get other opportunities.

Handy Camera

Keep your camera handy all the time. You might just come across that picture-perfect-scene; you don’t want to miss that. Always carry your camera along with you. Clicking pictures with your friends and family or just plain nature, will give you immense pleasure of that particular moment. Plus, there’s nothing wrong with having your camera with you at all times.

After Effects

Even after you have done all the settings in the camera and clicked the pictures you wanted, you can further modify them in Adobe Photoshop. That will just enhance the pictures even more, giving you the best pictures you ever dreamed of. Show them to your friends, family or the mentor you have chosen for photography, they will, perhaps, help you by telling how best you can take the picture in many other ways.

I hope that these basic photography techniques can be of use to you and can help you in getting many gorgeous images. You can also enroll in some classes at a community colleges; they will definitely help you become a better, more skilled photographer.

Macro Photography, Tips to Get the Perfect Shot

One of the greatest joys of photography lies in the way it can be used for different purposes by different people. While some use it as an artistic medium, by producing abstract images while others use photography to create detailed and accurate representations of real life. I am always amazed at the superbly shot wildlife photos or close up photos that appear in National Geographic or Nature magazine. These photographs never fail to fascinated me and leave me wondering how much effort and skill is needed for that one elusive shot. Recently, I happened to meet a good friend of mine who gave me the low-down about such photographs. These shots are taken by a technique known as macro photography.

What is Macro Photography?

The word macro means ‘large’, or ‘of great size’. In photographic terms, it can be called a type of close-up photography that normally tries to produce images on a 1:1 ratio. In other words it tries to create images that are of the same size as the objects or subjects they represent. These techniques are popularly used in nature photography, wherein it is often required to produce images that exhibit the true detail of a plant or animal that is being photographed. Nowadays ‘point-and-shoot’ digital cameras come equipped with in-built macro functions making it easier to photograph close-ups. However, a single lens reflex (or SLR) camera is generally considered superior for such type of photography. This photography is especially useful in forensic science, where small details at accident or crime scenes may often be substantial. Fingerprints, skid marks, or trace evidence which are vital to any crime case are easily recorded using macro photography.

Macro Photography Equipment
The following equipment is generally considered essential for macro photography techniques.

Camera

As said earlier, many point and shoot digital cameras nowadays have remarkable macro capabilities making them an obvious choice for beginners. But for best results you should opt for a single-lens reflex camera (SLR) or if your budget permits a digital single-lens reflex camera (DSLR). The latter allow you to attach special-purpose macro lenses and show you in a bright optical viewfinder that are very useful for close-up photography.

Macro Lenses

These lenses are also, confusingly, sometimes called ‘micro’ lenses by manufacturers. These are one of the most vital macro photography equipment. Macro lenses are generally fixed focal length lenses that are particularly designed to produce sharp images at a magnification of 1:1 or higher. Latest available macro lenses can even produce magnification ratios far higher than this. Generally most macro lenses are fixed, you will be required to choose the focal length that best suits your purposes. for example, a focal length in the region of 50-60 mm would be sufficient for fairly small objects, whereas 100 mm focal length would suffice for things such as insects and details of flowers.

Flash and Diffuser

Lighting is very important in any type of photography, a hand-held flash comes in handy for lighting your subjects and is powerful when used just a few inches from your subject. While sometimes a flash might give you a sharp and noticeable shadow, giving your picture a harsh, stark effect. For softer light, try to diffuse the light from the flash, by using transparent white cloth or paper for example, colored gels. If you are keen on capturing close-ups of small things then you may experiment with different lighting techniques and get amazing results.

Tripod and Other Equipment

A tripod or monopod will decrease the risk of camera shake. The movement by the subject is also an important element, as this type of photography enlarges the subject, thereby leaving a possibility for blurred photos. Tripods or monopods could prove to be useful, especially while taking photos of flowers. Though flowers, unlike animals, are usually very patient and if there is no wind they stay still. People use different techniques and ideas like, using paper clips to keep a grass leaf still while taking a photo of some insect on it. Or the use of dead flies to feed spiders or other “deadly” insects which might make a great shot. A bottle of honey to feed butterflies or some other hungry beasts out there. Be creative and think about what you may need before you go on a hunt.
Macro Photography Ideas and Tips
Here are some DSLR macro photography tips that can spell the difference between ordinary and excellent close-up photographs. Also some lighting tips are provided.

Check Focus

One of the basic necessity of any photography, let alone macro or close-up photography, is focus. While shooting at 1:1 or higher magnifications the distance in front and behind the subject of focus is extremely narrow. So, one needs to double-check if the subject is in exact focus or not. Check the image in your LCD screen, if you’re using a digital camera. Zoom into it as far as your camera can zoom, this will let you to confirm that your subject is in exact focus.

Eliminate Background and Foreground Clutter

A thumb rule in photography is that the viewer’s eye, naturally, gravitates towards the brightest spot in a photo. So, while shooting in mixed light, bear in mind about what’s in the background, change your point of view or move closer and fill the frame with your subject in order to negate the background. Another idea is to hold a sheet of plain white paper or any branch or leaf foliage behind your subject. One smart tip to control background clutter is by shooting at wider apertures. This reduces background focus, using a ring light is a nice way to eliminate the background since a ring light throws most backgrounds into darkness. While shooting through dense foliage trim away blocking branches or leaves if they are hindering you view of the subject or try to find another angle. The essence is to keep on trying till you get the perfect frame for the perfect shot.

Get the Correct Exposure

The correct exposure can make or break a near to perfect setup. One has to be especially careful about exposure, greater the distance between the film or sensor and the subject, the longer the exposure or wider the aperture. If your camera has exposure metering through the lens, then your task is much easier, somewhat. A tip for correct exposure will be to check your histogram repeatedly.

Right Lighting

One of the toughest task in photography is sufficiently and evenly lighting the subject. In extreme close-up photography it is impossible to place a light between the camera and a subject that close. Nowadays some cameras can focus on subjects so close, that they almost touch the front of the lens. Using off camera flash is the next lighting tip, as the subject will be so close that the light on your camera will fall beyond the subject, hence this flash needs to be off camera. Besides, extreme close-up work means that there is almost no natural light falling on the subject. Using a ring flash or a two-flash, lens-mounted setup can help to achieve greater depth of field and sharper focus. Sometimes overhead sun causes harsh shadows, diffuse it with a translucent white umbrella. Right lighting will enable you to exhibit greater details in your subject thereby enhancing your shot quality.

Get Real Close

Close-up shots require you to get down to the subject’s level which might mean getting dirty, but it’s worth the effort. Not only does it produce a more dramatic point of view but also adds to the area of focus. Getting your lens parallel to the subject enables more of the subject to be part of the frame reducing background and foreground clutter. Moreover, while being parallel, the subject is more in focus than if the lens were angled with you looking down. One of the best option is to use the right tripod, the one whose legs can spread out almost flat enabling you to get right down low. Another tip is to get the heaviest tripod, though it might not be fun to carry around but you’ll be rewarded with better quality photographs.

Shutter Speed and Self-timer

If you cannot shoot faster than the length of your lens then use a tripod. A general rule of thumb for hand-held macro shots, is that if your lens is 100 mm focal length, then the shutter speed should be 1/100th of a second, or faster, to achieve a sharp image or photograph. If you are shooting in a spot which has shade or indirect sunlight, use a tripod to achieve great results. An important tip is regarding the use of the camera’s self-timer. This feature is vital in limiting vibration and camera shake while pressing the shutter button. A self-timer is basically a delayed shutter release that allows jerks and vibrations to subside before the actual photo is taken. Refer to the manufacturer’s manual to see how it works on your particular brand of camera.

Be Patient

One of the most vital yet oft-ignored asset is learning to be patient. In my experience, there is no point in chasing an insect, like a mad photographer, that won’t sit still. It simply doesn’t work! You’ll be surprised to know that many insects are just as curious of you, as you are about them. Try to make good use of morning sunlight to capture details or bring out certain aspects of the subject that may not be seen otherwise. While many photographers don’t like shooting into the sun, when it comes to macro or close-up photography, I find it can often help highlight a feature or characteristic of the subject. For instance, early morning light can be used brilliantly to capture dew drops or an insect’s tiny hair. You do need to be careful not to capture lens flare though. Sometimes it doesn’t work, sometimes it does. Trying numerous angles and distances to help you find the best position and capture the best shot.

These were some of the close-up photography tips and techniques which I found extremely helpful in improving my photography skills. Enough of the theory, it’s time to have fun. Get out and keep shooting, don’t be afraid to experiment, Shoot closer, still closer and then some more. The closer you shoot, the more you will be rewarded for your patience and toil. Get clicking and enjoy exploring and photographing the tiny world that awaits you.

Tips for Shooting Stunning Black and White Photos

Black and white photography is coming back into vogue among photography enthusiasts. When color came into the scene, it resulted in good old black and white photography being less favored. It just seemed so drab and dull when compared to the bursts of color that color photography represented. However, of late, people are beginning to rediscover the intrinsic beauty of black and white photography and the purity and power that these pictures can have. Here are a few tips that should be considered while shooting these photos.

Choosing Your Subject

Irrespective of whether it is a color or a black and white picture, choosing a subject and focusing on it is very important. Needless to say, there is a difference. For example, while some subjects may seem very interesting in color, they often would turn out looking dull and drab in the other version. But then, often a simple scene or a portrait can come out looking quite dramatic in black and white.

When photographing people in black and white, the pictures come out better if they are dressed in simple clothes and solid colors, instead of prints. You can achieve a dramatic and dreamy effect by having as few elements as possible. Many people in fact are opting to get their wedding pictures shot in black and white because of the romantic and timeless quality it gives them.

Landscapes, cityscapes, still life with fruits and flower arrangements also make great subjects for black and white photography. You need to have a keen eye for the unusual, such as the effects of shapes and shadows made by various objects, buildings, or trees.

The Effects of Light and Shadow

As a matter of fact, such photographs are basically about light and shadow. This is the reason they must be used as effectively as possible. For instance, try taking pictures of a scene at various times of the day and you will notice how light and shadow can affect the picture. Another idea is to experiment with the quality or intensity of light. For instance, you could take a picture of a tree on a foggy day, and then photograph the same tree on a bright day.

Take Shapes into Consideration

Since black and white pictures lack color, they are dependent largely on lines and shapes to create interest. Try to incorporate a variety of shapes that create different types of lines such as curving lines, crooked lines, or slanting lines. Stark straight lines can also create a dramatic effect.

Mind Your Perspective

Perspective can create some very interesting effects, especially in black and white photography. Perspective can bring alive a standard subject, it can suggest depth and mystery in everyday objects, and, in fact, you can make a picture tell a story just by using an unusual angle while photographing a scene.

Take Care of the Background

You need to make sure that the subject does not get lost in the background. Often, just by shifting your subject a little to the left or right can help in eliminating unwanted elements in your photograph. Or you could try to take the picture from another angle.

Add Texture

Texture can add interest and definition to these photos. For example, a black and white picture of a roughly textured wall will certainly look more interesting than a smooth wall, or a road made of cobblestones will look more dramatic than a smooth one. A smooth, plain texture will create the desired effect when shooting for shadow photography.

Colors Do Matter

Yes, each color has a different effect on black and white photos. For example, while green and red may look striking juxtaposed against each other in a colored photo, however, the two colors become almost indistinguishable in a black and white photograph. The more contrast the colors have in their grayscale values, the more interest will they create in black and white pictures.

Keep in mind that you can use the stark qualities of black and white shades to create dramatic and meaningful pictures. You can have a lot of fun, and often get strikingly unusual effects, by experimenting with this genre of photography.

How to take Good Shots

There is no easy way out to clicking good pictures as most would think. It is not something that you can learn only in a studio or with the assistance of great photographers. Good pictures are all about having the ability to see the possibility of a good frame and also being in the right place at the right time. Most fantastic photographs are rarely planned. Given below are some useful photography tips that can give you great results.

How to take Good Shots
It doesn’t always matter if you have the latest model of the camera or the leading brands in the market. Whenever you are deciding upon the subject or the moment you come across some very exciting element in nature, look out for the area around the subject. It may be nature photography you are interested in, and having a cluttered background around your subject can actually cause it to merge rather than create an emphasis about what you want to portray through the picture.

Is it not necessary that one should use a flash only at night. In photography, a flash is useful on cloudy days when it can to throw some light onto the subject. Photographs that are clicked in bright sunlight can cause harsh shadows on the face, and this would definitely not flatter any person. In such cases, use the flash to even out the harsh light on the object, which would also result in better clarity of the picture.

It is not always compulsory to keep your subject at the center of the frame. This is one very useful photography tip; having your subject off center can help to create some dynamic and very interesting compositions. You will need to visualize a grid which would help you in planning a better composition.

Develop the skills of using lines within the composition. You need to develop an eye to see geometrical patterns within the frame. The use of curves, diagonals, and straight lines can help to create an added element of interest for any picture.

Study the direction of light and how it can help to enhance your subject. Harsh light is a strict no no for portraits. Refer to the works of great photographers and study the distribution of light. Use soft lighting for people photographs. For landscapes, long shadows and photographs that are clicked in the early morning hours and late evenings can give dramatic results.

If you are looking to understand how to take good pictures, you need to realize one basic thing. It all depends on your power of observation. When you are out clicking photographs, you can also observe and hunt for some reflections and shadows that can help to add depth to an otherwise boring structure or backdrop.

Having everything in focus may not always work wonders for you. At times, you can have your subject in focus and keep the background slightly blurred. This is possible through the use of different apertures settings, and you can know more about the manual settings once you refer to the camera guide.

It is definitely up to the photographer to use his/her skills to the best of their ability. Following the basic rules can help you get the best possible frames. To be able to take good pictures also depends upon the extent to which you develop your skills. Ensure that you refer to the latest trends in photography and be up-to-date with the developments as well. And of course, be creative.

hotography Tips and Tricks

Compared to other forms, aerial photography has its own unique set of challenges. Not only must one shoot from a high elevation, one also has to consider the creative/artistic aspect of each shot to prevent the effect from being plain.

General Tips for Aerial Photography

DSLR vs. Compact

Both DSLRs and point-and-shoot cameras can work fine for aerial shots. However, DSLRs allow more options for adjusting shutter speed, aperture, white balance, etc. A zoom lens will ofter more versatility and quality in the pictures. To get the best images when using a point-and-shoot, be sure to use only optical zoom and not digital to prevent shakiness caused by the buzzing aircraft.

Check for good lighting Conditions

Look for sunlight depending on the time and the kind of effect you need. Overcast skies will give you soft light and shadows, while clear skies at noon will give you brighter light with lesser shadows. This usually takes some practice before you can judge when the daylight will be optimal to shoot the object in the way you like.

Get the weather forecast before every shoot

Weather is important for all aerial shots, as all aircraft and drones are vulnerable to bad weather. Also, you may have to look for weather components such as fog and mist, which can either add or detract from your image. For most images, however, a clear dry sky is preferred.

Choosing an approriate camera lens

Filters are rarely needed for aerial photos as they just tend to reduce picture sharpness. Use a fast shutter speed (1/1000 to 1/500 sec) to minimize the effects of the aircraft vibrations. A wide angle fast lens (f/11 to f/2.8) will help keep the ISO to 100 or 200, thereby increasing the quality of even those photographs which have movement.

Wings with struts can obstruct photographs

If you plan to use airplanes, your best option would be a craft with high wings, without struts, as you will get an unobstructed view. However, helicopters are slower, and give you more time to observe any object before you take the shot. Also, your pilot will be able to help you plan your excursion, and can advise you about the atmospheric conditions to expect.

Choose a good focal point

Most good photos have a focal point, i.e., any object which will attract the eye of the viewer. It could be anything from geological formation, animals, plants, buildings, etc. It will take a few tries before you get a hang of selecting the object, and picture position of the focal point.

Use the sky in an aerial photograph

Most good photos have a focal point, i.e., any object which will attract the eye of the viewer. It could be anything from geological formation, animals, plants, buildings, etc. It will take a few tries before you get a hang of selecting the object, and picture position of the focal point.

 

Perfect Snaps With Creative Photography Ideas

Are you struck for some unique and new photography ideas? Well, this is a common problem faced by many amateur photographers. They love to click, but don’t know what to capture! If you are one of those, bored of capturing the same scenes, then here are some classic and creative photography ideas for you.

Creative Photography Techniques

Capture an Action

Most photos are still pictures, but this time get some action snaps. Actions happen and an ordinary human eye will just miss out, so, why not capture the same! Capturing such actions is a great idea. Saw the way a stone thrown in water travels inside? Then, just capture it and have a nice snap. You can also take such a pic by throwing a stone or a small object in a huge vessel. Or how about bullets piercing a bottle filled with water? Try and capture such actions and have a good collection.

Explore the Zoom-in

You might have restricted the zoom-in option for faces and far-away objects, it is time to use this to have some detailed photograph of closer objects. Yes, one of the creative photography ideas is to explore this option and you are sure to have some amazing snaps in the memory card. Look for those small stones, cents, shells, flowers, butterflies, a color palette and many more such things which you might not have thought of capturing by pressing on the zoom-in button and have classic snaps.

Monochromatic Photography Theme

What’s your idea of a monochromatic photograph? Black and white photography? Well, that’s right and definitely what most of you think. But, black and white photography is not all. Monochrome is a photography theme which means ‘of one color’. What this ‘one color’ is, completely depends up to your choice, it can be red, black, violet, green, yellow or just any color. Ever wondered how classy a photograph would look in shades of a single color?

Shoot at Different Time
There’s no need to explain the difference in view of a mountain range in early morning and during the late evenings. So, got an idea? Capturing the same object, place or view at different time of a day is definitely one of the best photography ideas. Night photography is something that you would just love to do again and again. Those colors, shadows and shades, which are nowhere during the daytime can be seen during the dark nights giving you some extremely beautiful snaps.

While you can always try the aforementioned creative photography ideas, don’t forget to explore your interest areas to click some unique photographs. If you love those speedy racing bikes or cars, just capture them. If capturing emotions is what you love, you can definitely get a lot of good snaps. One of the fun photography ideas is to click an object in various angles, no need to mention the funny upside down pictures! Other creative techniques like time-lapse photography, still life photography can also be considered to complete your collection of out-of-the-box photographs.

Basic Techniques of Photography

Moments once gone cannot be brought back. Hence, having some knowledge of photography comes in handy when there are such moments to capture. It is important to familiarize yourself with the basic photography techniques in order to click some amazing pictures. Have a look at them.

Know your Camera
You cannot click good pictures if you do not know your camera inside out. So, start off with getting to know your camera thoroughly. Keep on checking the manual every now and then. Read the manual properly and as you read it, see the corresponding function of your camera. You can learn the minute tricks and details by this. From the exposure to the lens, you will get all the basic photography terms from it.

Flash
Keep experimenting with the flash till you don’t get it correct. A cardinal rule while you are clicking photographs is to control the flash. It is important to know when to keep the flash on and when not to. For instance, when you are clicking pictures outdoors, on a bright sunny day, turning off the flash would be a better idea. If the subject is in the shade, you can consider using the flash.

Macro Mode
Most of the digital cameras have a macro mode these days, which is perfect for taking close up shots of something like flowers or even insects. Choose a subject, turn on the macro mode, and go as close to the subject as the camera would allow you to. But take care that you focus properly before you click.

Maintaining Level
Whenever and whatever you click, one of the most important thing is to hold the camera properly at the appropriate level. One of the ways to gauge whether you have held the camera at the correct level is to look for the horizontal lines. These lines will guide you about the correct level of your camera. If you are clicking a sunset, make use of horizon as the reference line.

Tripod
In your basic photography skills, the knowledge of using a tripod is essential. When there are low light conditions and you want to click pictures, the tripod comes into picture. In addition, tripod is useful to click images of a moving subject. It gives stability to the shot in situations where you may not be able to keep your hands stable.

ISO Setting
The sensitivity to light is controlled by the ISO setting in the camera and thus it is one of the very important functions of a camera. This setting has to be changed according to the subject. To get acquainted with this, experiment with it. A good tip is, when you are taking a still shot, always use a low ISO setting. On the contrary, if you are clicking a moving object, a higher ISO will work better.

Memory
Make sure that you have enough memory in your camera before you start with the photography. If you have the traditional camera, keep enough camera rolls. Imagine if you are on a holiday in a fabulous location and your camera runs out of memory space!

Getting to know these basic techniques will make the activity of taking photographs much easier and enjoyable. Who knows you might land up finding a lucrative career option for yourself in the process!

Landscape Photography Tips and Techniques

There are so many magical moments in nature that are worth relishing for a thousand years. There is something about landscape photography, that makes the vision melt in the colors of the rainbow or the fresh dew on leaves. For photography lovers, capturing the many moments of stunning views of the nature, is like passion infused in blood. There are many that have been more than successful in mastering this art.

Landscape Photography Techniques and Tips

With your skills and talent, the photography techniques mentioned below, are a small effort to expose you to the magic of breathtaking landscape photography!

Equipment
Using a good quality lens is the key to excellent photography. This is a ‘but obvious’ element in photography that most of us know, but is also not worth a miss in landscape photography tips. Use a tripod when required. When implementing a shutter speed for a long time, one cannot afford a shaky picture, the best option is to use a tripod, that can hold the camera in place and still for the entire duration of the exposure. When capturing backgrounds like sky and the horizon, most of the time the picture rules with too much of contrast. A solution is to use different types of filters and adjusting the exposure well. This also narrows down to adjusting the ISO to the most suitable unit for that particular picture. Using different filters can give your picture a completely different look. Some of the graduated, neutral density, color correction, polarizing filters, etc., can get you some perfect blends and balance in the picture.

Focus and Aperture
A landscape photograph usually rules with silence in the picture, however you do not want the photo to be a blank scene and without any element in focus. So look for that striking element, it may be a leaf or a plank of wood too. What is landscape photography without the traditional element of depth of field. Though you may want to create some breathtaking views with a narrow fields, engage as much of the scene as possible in focus. For achieving maximum and apt focus, you can make use of a small aperture that can help you focus on the scene (unless you want to highlight a certain object or element and diffuse the background). Exposure is the most important element and keeping shutter speed apt creates a lot of difference in the quality and the output of the image. Try and bracket your exposures, like when shooting contrasting backgrounds, use a exposure level that is recommended by the meter. Then take another one that is slightly higher than the recommended one and the next that is lower than the recommended exposure level. You can then compare the outputs and can decide on the shutter speed and exposure.

Weather, Location and Time
While most of the photographers will hunt for perfect places, shadow and light exposure. It is wise to understand what time of the day will the picture give you the most of admiration. Sunrise, that is early dawn, and sunset are the saviors of bad focus and light. Capturing nature before exposure to sharp lights, can help a lot with the overall result you get. Another point is that during dawn and sunset, the moderate sunlight will dilute the shadow, and give fine detail in the picture. You will be amazed to see the result of capturing during sunrise and sunset with the variations in the depth, angle, patterns and more. It is usual to get going for some amazing shots of nature, on a clear and bright day, but the true emotions of nature can be captured on most rough and windy days. Bad weather is the best for aggressive and expressive landscape photography. Heavy rain and thunder, winds and cloudy skies, fog and mist will give you many moments worth a click.

Composition
A good composition is the most important aspect of the picture. Consider the scene like you would be creating it on your own. How would you set the view, with placing each aspect of the scene in a particular position or an angle. Decide what elements will be making your picture, and adjust the view accordingly. Most importantly, if you know the rule of thirds for a picture, it will be easy for you to capture a well-balanced and focused picture. The magic of shapes and lines is another trick to capture a breathtaking visual. Lines and other shapes like curves, can give a lot of depth and scale to the image, while letting the audience travel into the scene. A bland image can also be refreshed by adding any object, that creates motion in it. For example, capturing a flying bird or moving cloud in the foreground, with a beautiful and serene background will make the picture more alive and interesting. Reflections can be a good part of the picture, while they add more depth to the image.

Miscellaneous
Understand and study the place that you are going to capture, you may not be living right in the lap of nature, so most of the time you will have to hunt for those treasured corners that have stunning views. Start off with your favorite place and try different angles and view of the same picture. You will have to be patient and study the scene till you get that exact shot of excellence. Do not click many shots in the same angle and then choose the best. Take fewer, but high quality shots, so take your time to observe and compose. Also avoid shooting in jpeg mode, some photographers will have their digital sets tuned in jpeg mode. But the quality of shooting in a raw mode cannot be compared at all, so get your images shot raw, you may convert them later into jpeg. This also gives you room for correcting and enhancing the final output of the picture.

With these landscape photography techniques and more additions as you master this art, create those moments that truly make nature, a blessing to the world of photography!

Tips Nature Photography for Beginners

Nature photography is one such hobby or profession that can let you discover new things with each and every step you take. In fact, photography as such is always a learning experience, and although you may learn new techniques as per the modern trends, the joy and excitement of clicking a new picture is always new ever time. For beginners, photographing the nature can be an exciting and challenging hobby. The trick is to enjoy what you are doing, and the results will automatically show in the frames. Beginners in photography need to follow some basics of photography that would help them capture better frames with ease. Help for beginners would best be in the form of some practical training, but sometimes this may not always be possible for everybody.

Tips for Beginners

Maintenance of your equipment would need to be your first priority once you set out into the wilderness. Pack all your equipment, and spare batteries along with some cleaning brushes, which might prove to be very useful lest you may end up having too much dust on the mirror or lens. Do not leave home without a tripod. Rubber boots, bug sprays, flashlights, compass, and a good quality outdoor clothing will be a blessing in disguise when you begin with your photography sessions.

Study the patterns of light. The light in the outdoors is definitely not under your control but you can maneuver your lens or wait for the right moment to capture the best frame. Look for interesting shadow patterns and variations of light on your subject. The early morning hours can be the best time for you to scrounge around and explore the woods. This would help you secure some really interesting and unusual frames. Light at noon may be too harsh and cause hard shadows. Of course, it would also depend on your subject as well.

Nature photography is not as difficult as it may seem. If you have that inborn creative streak in you, then finding interesting subjects can never be an issue for you, whatever location you may be at. Nature offers us so many diverse things that it would require years to capture all this in your camera. Beginners need not worry about the location always, develop your skills in making your power of observation really strong. You may point your lens at birds or plants, but remember, you ought to know how much of what you see, should be captured on your camera. Avoid too much clutter in the frame, your subject may tend lose its identity in all the elements. Some ideas that may prove to be of some help for beginners can include, maintaining a habit of sketching. This would help you to be accurate about the way you compose your photograph. This is not always required, but sketching can help you think about various angles and perspectives as well. In case you are camping out, and come across a very interesting location, you can plan out the time and the various angles, which would add an interesting dimension to your photos. Keep clicking, as this is the only way you will learn.

Getting closer to your subject can also give you amazing results. If it’s an animal, you are about to photograph, it requires quick thinking. The right timing is the bottom line for good snaps! You cannot be thinking about the angles in such cases; with practice, you will be able to focus on how your picture should be composed, in a jiffy. You can get a larger than life image with a good close up shot. (As long as you have the required lens!) Sometimes, focusing on the eyes or having an action shot can make all the difference. Technique and patience is required to obtain a good frame. Standing at different levels can also give you newer angles to photograph your subject.

Always remember to use your tripod for those difficult shots. This would let you maneuver your camera with ease, and also let you experiment with different shutter speeds, especially at nighttime. The last thing you need is a blurred photograph of something you really wanted to capture!

Beginners need to keep reading and researching about nature photography as much as possible. Refer to the works of great photographers, and try to analyze why it makes a good photograph. This would help you get better nature shots and with time, you can utilize what all you have read into your practical experience. So, do not forget about one important thing, i.e., to enjoy what you are doing, as this is the only way you can procure excellent clicks without too much effort.