Category Archives: Photography

Conceptual Photography Tips

As the name suggests, conceptual photography is all about capturing meaning and essence of the moment. And to take these ideas to extreme, the photographer uses a series of elements, props, light, poses, atmosphere and other techniques to create a mood or convey his/her feelings to the viewer. Very few conceptual photographs give a single message, but send out a series of messages or try to put forward a series of emotions. The most successful conceptual photographers however, are those who are able to create a single message with a powerful photograph using simple and few elements. They ‘put in place’ the things and the beings which are the subject of the final photograph, and the placement of those things and beings ‘construct’ the concept, the idea, and the final outcome. The most successful conceptual photographs are those with very simple, clear backgrounds, where nothing but the subject(s) evokes the feeling or conveys the message. Conceptual photographs, or the photos that include special meaning behind the scene of the real objects in the photo, inspire and fuel the person’s creativity as you develop the ability to see the creative idea behind the photo.

Glimpses of Conceptual Photography

The Concept
Any message or feeling that the photographer intends to convey in conceptual photography, should be done as aesthetically as possible. Images are known to have a powerful effect on our emotions, and thus the phrase – “a photograph says a thousand things”. That being said, your goal as a conceptual photographer should be to provoke a response, not to offend the viewer. There is abstraction to some extent in a conceptual photo; the image is not exact example of the concept, but a general expression of the idea. Concept shooting needs lot of ‘mental’ preparation, rather than on scene analyzing. Before you shoot, you have to decide on several things. For creative ideas, the best way out is to think of images that mean something to you or evoke a feeling, emotion, sensation, and then find a way to use those images in the photography. Conceptual photography does not always attempt to be delighting or beautiful. At times, it might simply be, or even present deliberately, displeasing images to get an idea across. Hence, many conceptual photographers attempt to make their images indifferent, to make sure that the viewer is not deflected from the concept of the photo, either way.

Symbolism
Conceptual photography uses well-established and carefully chosen graphical symbols to represent ideas, movements, moods, anything and everything that the photographer wishes to include in the message of the photograph. Symbols with strong, well-established connotations are usually used by photographers to help embed their message and carry forward the idea behind their image. Symbols are placed in the composition such that they may or may not correlate with each other, but together add to the meaning of the photograph and evoke an emotion in the viewer’s mind while conveying the desired message. This kind of photography often involves use of photo editing software to achieve the desired effects and give the image a final touch, thus improving the photograph.

A Photographer’s Role
Some conceptual photographers like to assert that their photograph has one and only one objective meaning, and they strive to make ‘it’ mean the same to everybody, regardless of the background. This may or may not be possible all the time, as the viewer may not always be able to relate to the symbolic juxtaposition in the photograph. On the other hand, some photographers attempt to make their photographs ultimately subjective to interpretation, and leave it entirely to the viewers themselves to decide what it means. Many people believe that this makes sense, as it is impossible to expect every single person to interpret your image in a particular way. As different people have different experiences, such subjective attempt is considered to be more sensible as the viewer can interpret the photograph based on his/her own experiences.

A good conceptual photograph communicates your message in a powerful and unique way with good photography skills. The objective variant of conceptual photography is more useful when it comes to advertising, as the photograph must convey the desired meaning in an advertorial and a promotional purpose. Whether for use in print media, television, or on the web, a successful photograph can upgrade your brand from the average to the outstanding. But even in this case, the attempt can only be restricted to a particular region. The subjective variant, however, is more of the artsy kind, and thus, may or may not be suitable for the advertorial purpose.

Many photographers around the world have done outstanding work in the field of conceptual photography, and set a benchmark for others to follow. Some of the renowned photographers who have added to the glory of concept shooting and influenced the art immensely are Eugène Atget, Man Ray, Irving Penn, Cindy Sherman, Herb Ritts, Andreas Gursky and Dan Pero Manescu. Those who wish to explain their point of view graphically and get a message across a range of audience can opt for this kind of photography. With the above explanation on what is conceptual photography, arm yourself with the right camera and ideas. Get ready, shoot!

How to Choose Wedding Photography Services

It is natural that you want to capture all the special moments in your upcoming wedding and that too beautifully. In that case, it is necessary to hire a professional wedding Photography services Thornhillis very important. The following facts highlight the fundamental ways to choose a wedding photographer for your marriage ceremony.

  • A professional and reputed wedding photographer should have a permanent location for conducting the photography business. In that case, do not just get satisfied by the website but make sure to enough digging to find his location and if possible do visit the place for better assurance. The reason is that you would never want some stranger photographer to cover wedding ceremony.

  • Before you are hiring a wedding photographer it is necessary to make sure that they or the person will be there with you in every important event of the wedding. Furthermore, the person should help you in planning different events as well as he or she must there at the event before anybody else.

  • This might sound strange yet it is true that every photographer is not of the same quality. There are even photographers who like put a great image of their quality before the customers yet does not provide that professional level at the real time. That is why when you are hiring a wedding photographer makes sure to know about their work quality by asking samples of their previous projects. Also, the quality of the wedding photographer can be best understood by visiting the review websites where you ill come to know their quality of work from the reviews given there by the previous clients.

  • Furthermore, the price is always not the most significant factor when it comes to hiring top wedding Photography services GTA. Yes, this is actually true because maybe you will find someone with a less cost but there would not be a great quality photography service. Moreover, the price is actually a factor when it comes to quality services yet you can also get quality wedding photographer at affordable package rates. The photographers who generally charges more amount are because of their quality reputation in the industry. Maybe you will not remember the foods or even the dress but the special moments will be stored beautifully in the photographs.

Hence, if you find a wedding photographer in Thornhill with a great portfolio and reputation as well as in affordable packages then do not let this chance go away because good wedding photographers can be hard to find from lots of photographers. Even there are some wedding photography services that also provide wedding videography services Thornhill for the benefit of the people looking for such services.

Choosing the best photography service is not an arduous job if you are aware of the basics to find the best photographer in Thornhill. Moreover, it is also an important decision because those photographs will depict the special moments of your wedding after many years.

Wedding Photography

Same sex weddings are a lot of fun. There are many activities that are a part of the wedding. These activities make the wedding very interesting. You will love to be a part of such weddings. Since weddings are very important in everyone’s life, people like to celebrate these occasions with joy. For this purpose, there are wedding photographers that are hired to capture the events of the ceremony. These photographers take a lot of pictures that later remind the people of the wonderful ceremony.

Same-sex wedding photography

For same sex wedding, the photographer should have different expertise. He should accurately click pictures at the right time. If there are two brides getting married, the photographer should take beautiful pictures of them together. Apart from this, he should also capture the ceremony and take group picture of the couple’s relatives and friends. All these pictures are very important. Same-sex wedding photography is all about passion and beauty. With such a wonderful ceremony, the couple would want many pretty pictures of them together. Hence, there are a lot of beautiful moments that should be captured in the camera. These moments can be relived with the help of pictures. Hence, the role of photographer is very important.

Two brides wedding photography Cape Town

As Cape Town is a wonderful and accepting place, many same sex weddings take place here. You can find many photographers who give good service oftwo brides wedding photography Cape Town. Both the brides in the wedding are given equal importance. Such a photographer will suggest many good poses for the brides. Since taking good pictures is an art, the photographer should be experienced to take good pictures. With such pictures, you will love to make a nice photo album and show it to everyone. People will love to see such a wedding album. Both the brides will look pretty in these pictures. The efforts and skills of a photographer make a lot of difference in the outcome of the photos. With beautiful poses, the brides look very pretty. Their dresses, shoes and other accessories will be visible in the pictures. Hence, people will love to watch such nice pictures all the time. You can flaunt these pictures in front of your friends and relatives. All these things make a lot of difference. They make the ceremony very enjoyable. You will like to have a photographer who is experienced and talented. People will appreciate a nice photographer during the ceremony. A skilled photographer will make the ceremony very enjoyable. You should be very particular about having such a photographer. With a nice photographer, people will enjoy taking lots of pictures. These pictures can be used in many places apart from wedding albums. You can share these pictures with your friends online. You can also use them in your home. Hence, the importance of the photographer should not be taken for granted.

Fashion Photography Tips

There are many aspects of photography, such as portrait photography, aerial photography, wedding photography, and some other types. However, the most sought-after area in the photography field is in the fashion world. To get into the fashion industry as a photographer, you compulsorily need to consider some fundamental fashion photography tips.

Fashion Photography

In our daily lives, we read newspapers and go through many magazines, which have models flaunting their products. But have you ever thought what makes the photos so vibrant and attractive to look at? It is the contribution of fashion photographers who capture the pictures. These photographers are professionals in their field, and have a good knowledge of photography along with a sense of the color, style, lighting, etc. They use all their expertise to come up with such great and adorable pictures of the advertising models.

Becoming a Fashion Photographer

If you want to enter into the fashion world as a photographer, you most importantly need to have the right equipment and have to self-practice a lot to get the basics right. The first step is to invest in a good piece of digital SLR, which is known for capturing and producing quality photos. You also need to understand every bit of the functions and features of your photography tool by referring to the user manual. Learn and understand the fundamentals of fashion photography by looking at the pictures in fashion magazines and tabloids. Get to know various poses, color suitability and lighting conditions. Read different books and guides which have useful fashion photography tips from famous photographers. Ask your friends, brothers, or sisters to pose and click their photos. Practice as much as possible, and prepare your portfolio, which is very important for getting into this industry. The portfolio should at least consist of 20 quality photos.

With Models

• While working with models from the industry, you need to keep three things in mind, which are precision, color effect, and lighting conditions. Fashion photography is kind of similar to portrait photography. The only difference is that you have to focus and capture the complete model, instead of only the face, as in case of portrait photography. You also need to know how to make adjustments to your camera settings to produce the optimum results in the available conditions.

• One of the most important outdoor fashion photography tips is that you should use natural light at its best to come up with bright, colorful, and clear photos. The best time for outdoor photo-shooting is the afternoon, when the sun in right over the head, so you can make optimum use of its light. The best direction for a model to stand in while photo-shooting is when the light falls on the face from the side.

• While photo-shooting with models, you necessarily need to know how to position them. You should make sure that they are comfortable in wearing fashion clothing. Do not put much pressure on the models regarding the poses, as it will only make them feel nervous, which may have an adverse effect on the end result. Try to take photographs in many different angles, and then determine which one is best to be selected.

• One best tip any fashion photographer in the world would give you is to never stop shooting. Most often, the beautiful images you see are not a result of a planned or intended idea but are spontaneous and impromptu. There will be times when your model just won’t get the expression or a pose right, but that doesn’t mean you stop clicking as it is often during the ‘in-between’ shots, where the model is practicing to get it right or switching from one pose/expression to another that you get a natural picture, which totally transcends your expectation and leaves you astounded.

Enhance Your Photography Skills

To learn photography you need to take out time for it. Anybody can take casual photos. However, if you want to take quality shots, good digital photography technique is required. Following are few techniques that you can learn to enhance your photography skills.

Use the Sun to Light Your Pictures

Are you familiar with the fact that natural sunlight is one of the finest lights for great shots with fine details as well as fabulous colors? But you need to take note that extreme sunlight is able to cast harsh shadows. Try not to take pictures when the sun is straight above your head, as well.

Using the Flash Properly

The flash is a great tool if you know how to use it properly. You should keep a right distance when using the tool. It can’t be too close or distant. Often, a digital camera flash has a range of approximately three meters. If the flash is too distant, your photographs will be too dark. On the other hand, if your flash is too close, you will cause the subject to be harshly lit.

Get Rid of Red Eyes

Red eye is the cause of the flash reflecting off the retina of your subject’s eyes. To decrease red eye effects, try to take pictures in outdoor or in an area with brighter light. Moreover, it can be avoided by having the subject look away from the lens.

Camera Placing

You can change angle and make a better impact. A photograph can look far better just by approaching it in a different angle. Move your camera in relation to the subject and also zoom in or out to change the composition.

Use Lines to Add Depth

You can create exciting view and improve average shots by using straight or curved lines inside the frame. This is for the reason that lines lead the eye to the center of interest. Moreover, you can try shooting lines at an angle for exclusive shots.
Select the Right Background

A right background can make a better picture. Get rid of objects that connect to the subject and don’t use a busy or competing background. Also, pay attention to clutter and distracting elements.

Rule of Thirds

Don’t focus your subject for every shot. It makes the picture so uninteresting and uncreative. By means of the rule of thirds, you can create more visual interest. You can divide your photograph into a tic-tac-toe grid and place the subject at grid intersections.

Golden Hours

Sunrise and sunset are known as “Golden Hours” by several photographers. Photos taken at these points are warm and gorgeous. You need to experiment with angles as well as zoom to find the picture-perfect balance of light.

Take some time and try out few of these digital photography techniques above. Practice makes a man perfect. Even with a simple digital camera, you can take remarkable pictures. You just need to have the right techniques. And if taking pictures is not just a hobby for you but a passion then make the most of digital photography tutorials offered by several photography schools, today!

Tips Album Design for Photographers

As your wedding moments are something that you hold close to the heart, you want the album to reflect elegance and stay memorable forever. There are two options for you at this point. Either you can try yourself or depend on the wedding photographer or a professional company. If you have decided to give it a try, there are certain wedding album design tips for photographers that can be helpful for you also. Your story is always special and unique. So, these tips are generic and you can definitely move ahead with out of the box thoughts. Normally below advices come handy in most of the cases.

Start by organising the photos

You surely have hundreds of digital photos with you snapped from different angles. They reveal various situations, actions and moments. It will take time but please go through all of them and organize them based on the instances. Sort out the ones that you wish to see in your final album. Filtering the needed photos will make the entire process swifter and easier. This will also give you an idea regarding yourmuch-loved and unavoidable ones as well as the order in which they can be organised.

Let the order of arrangement speak your story

Going through the album should narrate a story. Following timeline of events while arranging the images helps in that.  You can start with the first and detail shots like the wedding invitation cards, rings, costumes and snaps of getting ready for the grand day. This can be followed by shots of venue and ceremonies. Now proceed to group photos with families and friends. Conclude with the exit and outdoor shoots. Most of the companies that offer wedding album design service follow this pattern. Your wedding album should carry with it the essence of how your marriage day felt.

Differentiateand diversify your spreads

There are several free layouts and templates you can get from the web. However, going for paid ones will bestow more charm. Using the same ones repeatedly is easier and cheaper but having varied spreads helps immensely; most relevant images can be focussed in pleasant manner. Keep on experimenting various backgrounds and play with the dark and white spaces. Favourite and important photos can be featured on single page or two page spreads. Opting for collages is also fine. Using colourful pictures is recommended but adding some black and white ones strategically elevates the grace. Every spread should have only a single theme or event to showcase. Thus individual images are given more significance and pages are availed different tones. The mood can be serious, playful, dramatic or exciting; you should present it gracefully and professionally.

Don’t stack too many images

You may have a lot of images with you but adding all of them to the album will do harm than good. Using lesser ones is recommended but be careful about selecting the right and relevant ones. After initially sorting out the images that you want to take in, keep on filtering them until you feel that every image left behind has great value and thus is unavoidable. Don’t hesitate to add your favourite photos even if they have nothing to do with the entire theme. Dedicate a page separately for that as these snaps can be of great emotional value for you when you open the album several years later.

However, the entire process of marriage album creation is not that easy. If you are least acquainted with different photo editing software programs and tools, things may not proceed as you expect. So, seeking external help is the wiser choice to make.

Win Biz, wedding album designing company has brought smile to the faces of several hundreds of couples. People here are expert in making wedding albums echo emotions every time you open it. Understanding how much you value this bundle of joy, our professional album design services are aimed to meet your expectations with innovative thoughts and advanced tools. Our company never wants budget to be a hindrance and hence we offer various affordable packages for all categories of customers. To discuss more, reach us directly.

Tips to Improve Your Photos

Choose an interesting subject to photograph

One of the easiest ways to improve your photography is by taking photos of interesting subjects. Of course, you can take great creative photos of uninteresting subjects, but if you choose an interesting subject to photograph in the first place, it makes taking a great photo much easier.

So where do you find these interesting subjects? They can be found everywhere, from a stormy landscape, to a simple street scene, to a flower in your garden or local park.

Just take a walk around your local neighbourhood with your camera, and you’re sure to find something interesting to photograph.

Pay attention to the light quality

Something that has a big effect on how your photograph looks is the quality of light that is hitting your subject. There are two aspects of lighting that you need to pay attention to – the colour of the light and how harsh / diffused the light is.

Colour temperature

As a general rule, we tend to prefer photos with a warm (golden) tone. The warmest light naturally occurs around sunrise and sunset, and this is why many landscape photographers prefer this time of day.

The colour temperature of a photo can also be modified by adjusting the white balance setting on your camera. And if you are taking photos using flash, you can use a warming gel on the flash to warm up the light.

Of course, in some instances you may want to go the opposite way, and use light with a cold (blue) colour temperature.

Diffuse vs. harsh light

Diffuse light is where the light creates soft shadows, which is preferred for most types of photography, but particularly portraits.

Diffused light can be created by reflecting light from a large surface (like a wall), or by using a large piece of semi-transparent material between the light and your subject. This works the same way as when there is a thin layer of cloud, which diffuses the sunlight and creates a nice soft light.

Harsh light creates strong shadows. Natural light is at its harshest around midday, while an undiffused flash will also create a harsh light. When shooting with harsh light, try and use the strong shadows it creates to your advantage, incorporating them as an element of your photograph.

Compose your photograph carefully

When taking a photograph, it’s all too easy to just point and shoot. However, try and take a bit more time to think about the photo and the composition.

Rule of thirds

Composition is how the elements in the photograph are arranged, and a good guideline for composition is the ‘rule of thirds’. The rule of thirds works by splitting an image into thirds both horizontally and vertically, so you end up with 9 sections.

In many good landscape photographs, you will see the photographer places the horizon in the top third of the photo, while the landscape takes up the bottom two thirds of the photo.

As well as placing elements along the thirds lines, you can also try and put your main point of focus so that it falls on the intersection of two of the thirds lines.

The Golden triangle

The golden triangle is a good compositional guideline to use when your photograph contains strong diagonal elements. It involves splitting the photo into three triangles that contain the same angles (are the same shape).

One right-angled triangle runs diagonally from corner to corner, while the other two triangles are created by drawing a line that goes from one of the other corners to meet the diagonal line at a right angle. Try and place the diagonal elements in the frame so that they follow this pattern for a pleasing composition.

Leading lines and converging lines

Use leading lines or converging lines to draw the viewer’s eye into the image. Good examples of this you can use in landscape photography are roads, paths, fences, hedges etc, really anything that creates a line that leads into the photo.

Try and avoid including lines that lead out of the photo as this has the opposite effect, and leads the viewer’s eye out of the photo.

Check the exposure

One of the main advantages of digital photography is the ability to check the photo on the camera’s rear LCD. When taking photos, you should check that the photo has been exposed properly, i.e. is not too dark or too bright. Although modern cameras have sophisticated auto exposure systems, they don’t always get it right.

As well as inspecting the image, most digital cameras also have a couple of tools that can help you judge the exposure of an image. The first one is Highlight Warning, colloquially known as ‘blinkies’. What this does is that any areas blown out white will flash when reviewing the photo on the camera’s LCD.

The second tool is the histogram. This is a graph that shows the range of tones in your photo. If there is a peak at the very left edge of the histogram, this means that some of your photo is solid black. And if there is a peak at the very right edge of the histogram, this means that some of your photo is solid white.

Either way, areas of the photo that are solid white or black contain no detail. Maybe this is what you want, but generally it is better to have detail available even if you don’t need it.

You can modify the exposure of the photo by adjusting the exposure compensation. Use negative exposure compensation to darken the photo, or positive exposure compensation to brighten. Take the photo again, check the exposure again, and repeat if any more exposure adjustment is necessary.

Generally the ideally exposed photo is one that is as bright as possible without any detail being blown out white. You can then adjust the photo on the computer to darken it if needed. It is an extra step, but maximises the image quality.

Tips to Improve Camera Phone Photography

Today, high-end phones come loaded with an awesome camera or sometimes, with two cameras. The cameras in these phones are so good that they can even substitute point and shoot cameras. Oh, yes sir! These camera phones come with a great resolution that deliver great picture quality. Also, being a part of high-end phones, they have so many features that allow you to take even better photos. But, I bet, half of you guys haven’t even explored these features. Thinking of how to improve camera phone photography? Well, worry not my ignorant friends..! Listed below are some useful tips and some secret tips that will allow you to shoot brilliant photos using your camera phones.

Check the Camera’s Features
Alright, the first thing you need to do is check what all the camera phone has to offer. This means, you need to go to the camera icon on your phone and check all the settings, modes, and other features it offers. Now, camera phones come with many features. However, the number of features in a camera phone depends on how good your phone is. If you have a basic phone, then it might have limited features, while high-end phones might offer better number of features. So, just check what are all the features in the camera phone. In case you don’t understand the technical terms or settings, refer to the phone’s user manual. Here are some features found in today’s camera phones that are explained in brief.

  • The ‘reduce noise’ feature decreases grains in the picture, improves clarity, so keep this always on.
  • Various ‘scene modes’ help to quickly adjust settings with one click, change the scene modes according to the subject and time.
  • ‘Face detection’ feature helps to detect the face while taking portraits, thus improving the focus on face, so keep this always on.
  • ‘Anti-shake or anti-blur’ feature helps to reduce blur caused by shaking of camera. So keep this feature active.
  • There is a feature which allows you to choose the ‘shutter sound’, simply turn this off or at least let the sound be least disturbing.
  • There is a ‘flash’ in-built in many camera phones, use it at discretion, more about this is mentioned in the light section below.
  • ‘ISO’, is an important feature which allows you to control the amount of light and clarity of images. Higher the
  • ISO, more exposed the subject is and lesser is the clarity, and vice versa.
  • In case you have an ‘aperture’ feature, use it too. Aperture is basically the size of the opening of lens. So, larger the aperture, more the light, and vice versa.
  • ‘Shutter speed’ is the amount of time the shutter in the camera is left open. So, higher the shutter speed, more is the amount of light entering and vice versa.
  • Another feature that phone cameras come with is – ‘white balance’. It helps to bring out the colors properly in a shot.

Take Loads of Shots
Now, don’t be shy! Go around playing with the various camera phone settings and modes. Take loads of pictures and notice the change in settings and modes reflected in your photos. Do the following exercises whenever you get time to get a hang of the technical settings:

  • You will notice that pictures shot on high-resolution have higher clarity, and vice versa.
  • You will notice that selecting modes like landscape bring in more green color in the landscape, similarly portrait mode helps to shoot softer pictures, also night mode quickly improves the amount of light in the picture. So, explore all the modes.
  • Also, explore the filters like sepia and black and white.
  • Another important feature you need to understand is white balance (WB). Choose an appropriate WB for different scenes. For instance: change the amount of WB when indoors, outdoors, during night, etc. A simple experiment is to place a plain white sheet on the table, and take various shots of it while adjusting the WB value.
  • If your phone has a feature that allows you to change aperture and shutter speed, then take pictures using different settings of these features. To check out the shutter speed, take a picture of tap water at various speeds.
  • Experiment with small and large apertures by shooting a branch, to see how the focus and amount of light changes.
  • Also, explore ISO outdoors to see the clarity and lighting of pictures.
  • Turn off the shutter sound in case it irritates you, however, that sound can come handy when you are taking self-shots with a back-facing camera phone.

Check the Settings
So, once you have done the above exercises honestly (yes, I mean honestly!), you would have already got the hang of all the features and settings. So, before composing a subject, check the necessary settings required. For instance: if you are shooting a dog running, try the sport mode, and go for medium value of ISO. In case, you have to capture something quickly and don’t have time to adjust any settings, then focus more on composing.

Check the Angle
Having the right angle can make a lot of difference. The subject of camera angles can be quite vast, so here are some pointers. Whenever you’re shooting people, shoot at eye level. When you’re trying to make something look big (like a building), shoot at a low angle. In case you want to shoot a document, shoot at the top angle, get really close in case you want to capture details on an object, e.g., texture of a tree bark.

Check the Light
This is a very important aspect of photography. So, don’t ever underestimate the importance of lighting. Here are certain things to remember when trying to get a good shot. First, always see that the subject is well-lit. Certain camera phones might display a warning if the shot is not well-lit. In case, your phone has it, turn it on and use it to shoot well-lit pictures. Also, use a flash in case there isn’t enough light. However, be warned because, using flash can increase the amount of shadows on the subject. Similarly to improve light, use the night mode, ISO, lower shutter speed and aperture. A very important thing to remember is to always get the light source behind you, this will give softer and well-lit pictures.

Compose the Picture Well
A well-composed frame can really help to take brilliant shots. Here are some pointers. Always, try to fill the frame. Try to focus on one subject rather than trying to capture many. In case you are trying to shoot a landscape, go for the wide zoom. However, if you have digital zoom only in your camera phone, then avoid taking landscapes. But, if you have a camera that allows to take high-resolution pictures, consider using the rule of thirds. To understand this rule, imagine two equally spaced horizontal and two equally spaced vertically lines. At the intersection of these lines, place your subject. This is because, the intersecting areas are where the eye first looks. Another important thing to remember while composing shots is to keep your fingers away from the lens.

Hold the Phone with a Steady Hand
This aspect is very important. Always, hold the camera phone with a steady hand. Here is one technique I use, compose the shot and before you are about to click the button, breathe in and then breathe out, then take a two-second pause and shoot. You might also want to balance yourself properly before taking a shot. To do this, simply stand at shoulder-length distance between your feet. Also, hold the phone properly so that it won’t shake while you press the button. Use the automatic timer in case your phone has one, to avoid blur.

Use Photo-editing Software
Photo-editing software is good but don’t make a habit of using it to always correct a bad photo. However, it can come quite handy in case of an important picture. To correct such pictures, use this software. Mostly, such software are used to correct lighting, reduce noise, crop, reduce blur and add filter effects.

Maintain the Lens
Keep your camera lens always clean. Use a lint-free soft cloth and wipe your camera lens regularly. Avoid using your fingertips to clean the lens, and in case you don’t have a soft cloth, use your t-shirt to wipe the lens. This is important because, a clean lens helps to give clear and better pictures. To increase the life of your camera lens, put a transparent plastic guard on it.

Exploit Your Camera Phone Completely
Sometimes, you might wonder that the camera phone is not good enough and a better camera could have helped you take better pictures. However, this problem arises mostly when one is not capable of exploiting the complete potential of the camera phone. So, before you come to the conclusion that your camera phone is not good enough, exploit the camera phone completely. To do this, use the above tips and keep experimenting with all the settings and features, and I am sure you will be rewarded with great pictures. For instance: a portrait in black and white filter can give a timeless picture. Similarly, taking the camera phone really close to your pet dog’s nose and shooting at a small aperture can give an unusual and interesting picture.

These were the important tips that will help you exploit your camera phone’s potential and take some really great shots. After a month’s practice of these tips, you will notice your camera phone photos have become better, which surely will make your friends ask, “did you take this pic?” Well, then with your smug smile when you reply “yes”, do thank me mentally.

How a Camera Work

Camera and the art of photography is probably one of the most revered inventions of today. Although the idea of capturing an image is hardly a novelty anymore, with the advent of film cameras and recently the digital camera, the truth is that cameras have changed the way we view the world. It allows us to preserve and retain the precious moments for years together. So how does a camera preserve and capture our beautiful memories? Here is a look at the basic functions and working of a camera.

How do Film Cameras Work?

The word camera is derived from the word “chamber” and that is what the earlier cameras were placed in. With the technological revolution, cameras have come a long way from the “camera obscura” or the “dark chamber” cameras in the 1900s. However, the basic functioning of the camera remains the same. So every camera essentially is a lightproof box encasing three elements, the mechanical, chemical (the film), and the optical element or the lens.

The working of a camera is based on the fundamentals of reflection. As we know, light travels through different media at different speeds. So the speed of light would vary when it travels in air than when it travels through a glass medium. When you focus your camera on an object, the light bounces of it, and strikes the glass or plastic lens. This slows down the speed of light and allows the rays to bend as they enter the lens. As the light rays diverge from the source, the lens allow the rays to converge on a single point where the image can be formed. Commonly known as the film surface of a camera, this light-sensitive material records the image. Later when processed with certain chemicals, the image is visible.

Along with this basic structure, a manual camera may also contain an aperture control, a diaphragm that regulates the amount of light that enters a lens, and shutter just before the light sensor. The function of the shutter is to expose the light sensor to a consistent amount of light. The amount of time the shutter is open determines the amount of light that reaches the film/light sensor surface. The shutter speed or rather the time that the shutters are left open, is how photographers control picture quality and certain effects such as the picture of a moving object with the blurring.

How does a Digital Camera Work?

Compact and slim with superior image quality (This is debatable. I love my manual Pentax), digital cameras have revolutionized the photography industry. Most of all, it has overcome the problems that photographers faced with a manual 35mm camera.

The working of a digital camera is the same as a manual one except that instead of using a film, digital cameras record the images on a digital sensor array, also known as a CCD or CMOS. This digital sensor converts the light rays into electric current. These pieces of computer chips consist of millions of tiny sensor points laid out in rows and columns called pixels or “picture elements.” A mathematical calculation of the pixel rows and columns determine the megapixel count of the camera. The more the “megapixels” of the camera, more dots of light are stored and higher is the image resolution. The digital camera also has a set of filters that correct the white balance, color, and aliasing. The images are stored initially in a buffer memory in the camera and then transferred to a memory card storage device.

The benefits of a digital camera over a manual 35mm camera include the ability to take a large number of pictures without having to continually change the 36 exposures film roll, and the ability to zoom in or out by moving the lens elements to change the focal length. Also, most of the digital cameras have a video monitor on the back of the camera that not only helps you during photography, but also helps you decide whether the picture is a keeper or not. From the simplest homemade pinhole box camera to the snazzy new digital cameras, the working of a camera remains essentially the same. All of them have a lens system to obtain the image, a light-sensitive sensor for recording the image, and a mechanical system to control the image exposure.

Choosing the Best Bridge Camera

Bridge cameras fill the gap between single-lens reflex cameras and point-and-shoot cameras. These cameras look exactly like your DSLRs, but when you take a closer look at the lens, you will immediately spot the difference. A bridge camera doesn’t have a removable lens, while the DSLR does. Also, the viewfinder (if present) will be electronic in bridge camera, and not optical like the DSLR.

These cameras are equipped to give you super zooming options and wide-angle lens shots, but with manual setting features. Depending on their weight, maximum zoom, and lens angle, bridge cameras are classified into two categories, namely superzoom bridge camera and high-end compact bridge camera. The important features of both these cameras are mentioned below. Depending on your needs, you can choose the right one.

Superzoom Bridge Camera

Weight 500 – 800 g
Resolution 10 – 18 MP
Wide-angle lens 23 – 28 mm
Max. Zoom 18 – 50x optical zoom
USP Close-up shots can be easily clicked

These bridge cameras are best suited for clicking landscape as well as close-up shots. Their zoom ranges exceed even 50x range, and the built-in lenses have a broad focal range. The high resolutions that these cameras offer can challenge any DSLR in the market. The typical resolution range of these cameras is 10 – 18 MP, which allows you to take prints (A3 and above) of the clicked photos.

High-end Compact Bridge Camera

Weight 200 – 500 g
Resolution 10 – 12 MP
Wide-angle lens 24 – 35 mm
Max. Zoom up to 7x optical zoom
USP Improved picture quality, compact size

These cameras are extremely compact in size and will easily fit into your pocket. The wide-angle capabilities of these cameras are good enough for macro photography. Their sensor sizes are bigger than the superzoom ones, thus, ensuring good-quality images. Generally, these cameras have an optical viewfinder, so you exactly know where your lens is pointing. Thus, you don’t have to rely on LCD screens for the same.

Let us now see the important features of bridge cameras in detail.

Lenses

As mentioned earlier, you cannot change the lenses in a bridge camera. However, due to the zooming capabilities of this device, there is no need to look out for additional lenses. These cameras are equipped with wide-angle lenses, like 24 mm or 28 mm. Upon zooming the lens to the maximum limit, it extends to almost 1200 mm! It will be hard to find such a powerful lens with a modest price tag for DSLRs. These cameras offer focal lengths equivalent to 500 mm and 1000 mm.

Viewfinder

The superzoom bridge cameras lack the optical viewfinder; hence, users have to shoot with the help of the LCD screen or the electronic viewfinder (EVF). However, in most compact bridge cameras, the EVF feature is not present. So, you will have to rely on the LCD screen (use optical viewfinder, if available) to find out the exact position of the camera lens. Based on the image preview seen on the screen, users have to click the photograph. In DSLRs, a prism and mirror arrangement is used so as to provide the optical viewfinder option. Hence, when you look through the lens, you can see the exact area that will be captured when you click the photo.

However, the resolution of EVF is not as great as the optical viewfinder, and there is a time lag introduced while clicking pictures using superzoom cameras. The image can also be distorted when you make a sweeping movement quickly.

Sensor Size

The sensor size in bridge cameras is approximately the same as the one used in compact cameras. This means, it is much smaller than the SLR ones, and this explains the difference in image quality. The quality of images clicked using the bridge cameras is similar to point-and-shoot images. A typical bridge camera will have the sensor size as 15 mm diagonal or less. Thus, if you take A3 prints of your bridge camera pics, it is likely that the distortion will be clearly observed.

Size and Weight

The biggest advantage of bridge cameras is its size. Though the camera capabilities are similar to DSLRs, the former is much smaller in size and even light in weight. In most cheap bridge cameras, the camera body is made up of plastic, which further reduces its weight, but makes it less robust.

Manual Controls

The typical features on offer in a bridge camera are similar to that offered by entry-level DSLRs. Mode dial and direct buttons are available for selecting options like ISO, white balancing, shooting modes, aperture priority, etc. Most of these cameras capture pictures in the RAW format, which means that you can easily edit them by using any photo-edit software. As far as video recording is concerned, only a few of these cameras have an external mic input to record audio. However, given the advancements in technology, the latest bridge cameras have Wi-Fi, GPS, and geotagging options on offer. These cameras do offer a combination of manual controls and automatic modes. The face detection feature, which is available in many DSLRs, is an inbuilt feature in bridge cameras as well.

Accessories

You can attach external flash units and electronic viewfinders (in case they are absent) to the hot shoe that is present in many bridge cameras. Some of these cameras have a bayonet fitting for lens, which can be used to fit accessories like filters, close-up lenses, etc. Some models do have provision for the addition of remote shutter release.

Image Stabilization

Due to the compactness of point-and-shoot cameras, it becomes difficult to keep the camera steady while shooting pictures. Thus, bridge cameras are equipped with optical or sensor-shift stabilization techniques to reducing blurring.